It is the most eastern town of the Carpathian basin, being the former center of the Three Chairs. It is a charming town in the valley of the Black River. The town has a population of predominantly Hungarian nationality, having 20 thousand inhabitants, out of which 91% are Hungarian. On the territory of the town there was a Romanian military camp, which supervised the Oituz Pass. The prefix Kézdi refers to the place of residence of the Székelys in the 11th century, to Saschiz. The King Sigismund declared the town to be a market place, at this time having the name Turia Market. In the Middle-Ages it had a significant trade guild industry. During the Revolution of 1848-49 was the center of defense in the county of Three Chairs. Gábor Áron founded his famous guns in this very place.